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Typically, if you want to buy cannabidiol CBD oil products, you have to dig deep to find accurate and up-to-date information. Many people confuse it with THC, the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis. Contrary to these common misconceptions, CBD is both legal and completely safe. I strongly believe that an informed customer is a happy customer. I want you to feel percent comfortable with your choices. Please read the whole guide, thoroughly, from start to finish.
So, set aside some time, settle into your comfiest chair, and get ready to read, learn, and take action. Click the links below to jump to a specific section. Did you know that CBD oil can be made from either marijuana or hemp?
The main difference between the two lies in the levels of THC found in the finished product. CBD products made from industrial hemp like those available in our online store must contain less than 0. Because it contains such a low level of THC, CBD oil from hemp is considered a food supplement and is therefore legal to buy and sell in all 50 states and in most countries worldwide without the need for a prescription or medical card. You can buy CBD hemp oil from your local health and wellness shops, medical and recreational dispensaries, and online CBD stores.
Marijuana, on the other hand, although now legal in a growing number of US states, is still federally banned as a Schedule 1 drug—and a controlled substance in many other countries around the world—so CBD oil made from marijuana can only be sold in specific state-sponsored dispensaries. Customers and business owners alike could be at risk if the federal government decides to enforce its laws.
Finally, you should also know that CBD found in marijuana is the same exact chemical compound as that found in hemp. Many people are discovering the same benefits of using marijuana with zero chance of getting high or encountering legal risks. It contains over chemical entities, of which more than are compounds called cannabinoids. However, CBD is not psychoactive and does not produce a similar high.
So how, exactly, does it work? It does this via two kinds of cannabinoid receptors found throughout the body: CB1 receptors located in the brain and nervous system and CB2 receptors located in the immune system. Instead, it influences your body into using its own natural supply of cannabinoids more effectively.
That is to say, it can inhibit or activate compounds in the ECS, which in turn can impact the amount of pain you feel or limit inflammation in the brain and nervous system. Like all supplements, CBD has certain qualities that may be of benefit to you and your circumstances, and others that may have no effect on you whatsoever. So, how can CBD help you specifically? Studies have shown that CBD can alleviate the physical and mental effects of anxiety, as well as ease the symptoms associated with depression.
The compounds found within cannabis known as cannabinoids are very similar to the ones produced naturally by our bodies. These cannabinoids have been observed to relieve the symptoms of various conditions by attaching themselves to particular receptors in the brain, thereby blocking or boosting certain signals.
This can help bring calm to an otherwise stressful situation. For example, an NIH study on social anxiety disorder found that, by giving CBD to patients, they could lower anxiety levels associated with public speaking. CBD can also potentially help lift your spirits and improve your mood, positively impacting your behavior and reducing psychological issues in conditions related to social interactions and PTSD. Research has suggested that CBD can be effective at reducing sleep difficulties, combating the effects of insomnia, and improving the quality of sleep.
Stress is often the number-one culprit when it comes to sleep disorders. The good new is, for many people, CBD has been observed to help reduce stress, which in turn can help improve sleep quality. Furthermore, according to studies , CBD could also increase the amount an individual sleeps. A number of studies suggest that CBD can be used to effectively manage and alleviate chronic pain and inflammation. As I mentioned earlier, when consumed, the cannabinoids found in CBD attach themselves to certain receptors in your brain and immune system.
One such receptor, the CB2 receptor, helps manage pain and inflammation in your immune system. CBD can also potentially help alleviate pain associated with joint injuries sustained while exercising, headaches, and muscle soreness. When applied topically, research indicates that CBD oil may reduce the symptoms associated with a variety of skin conditions, such as acne, psoriasis, and eczema.
It can also be used as a long-lasting moisturizer, and may even reduce the appearance of lines and wrinkles. The elements found in CBD can help soften, revitalize, and regenerate tired, dry, or inflamed skin. They also increase the elasticity of the skin and the flow of blood underneath while removing dead skin cells, which could give your skin a more youthful, healthy glow.
Although CBD can be a great option for a variety of health needs, we strongly recommend that you speak with a medical professional regarding any serious illnesses, disorders, or conditions you may have. Hemp-based CBD products come in all shapes and sizes. Do you want to feel the effects quickly? Or is it more important that they come on slower and last longer? Or is it more important that they come on slower and last longer. Are you new to CBD and want to keep it simple?
Or are you comfortable using gadgets like vaporizers and e-pens? Is the strength of CBD important to you? Or are you simply dipping your toe in the water at this stage? To work this out, you should look at the milligrams of CBD, which should be clearly listed on the product label. In fact, it should look something like this:.
The milligrams of CBD are what counts. This is similar to buying fish oil supplements. Fish oil supplements contain a certain amount of total fish oil and a certain amount of DHA and EPA the important substances in this supplement.
Likewise, knowing the total milligrams of CBD rather than the total volume of oil will help you compare products of a similar price to find out which is of better value. Sometimes only a percentage amount is listed, instead of the total milligrams. This percentage is a ratio of total CBD to total liquid volume of the product. Fortunately, most manufacturers are phasing this out in favor of just using milligrams of CBD.
CBD has maximum efficiency when used consistently, much like a daily multivitamin supplement. This effect is due to the fact that it takes a while for your body to adjust to the chemical compounds found in CBD.
Therefore, CBD should be taken consistently for at least seven to ten days to allow its full effects to work properly. Depending on your metabolism, body weight, cannabinoid tolerance, and desired effects, you may wish to start with five milligrams instead—and you can always increase your serving size once you know how CBD will affect you. As there are no psychoactive or dangerous components present in CBD, you can safely increase your serving size at any time to find the optimal concentration for you.
And your big speech is only a few hours away. Sure, you could freak out. Or you could enjoy a little cannabis and knock it out of the park. According to a recent study published in the Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, using cannabis prior to public speaking can reduce performance anxiety, as well as symptoms of daily, general anxiety.
Participants were given mg, mg, or mg, and a placebo at random and then asked to give a 4-minute speech. Doctors assessed anxiety markers before, during, and after the speeches, and the findings were promising. Participants who received a mg CBD dose showed lower anxiety levels compared to those who received the placebo. Embracing the Benefits Based on these recent findings, people struggling with anxiety may have a truly effective option for managing symptoms.
In the United States, that means roughly And, yes, it may make your next presentation more bearable, too. All jokes aside, studies like this one are proving tremendously valuable in further identifying the medical benefits of cannabis. As more applications are identified, more work may be done to legalize medicinal cannabis across the country. Recreational weed might not be too far behind.
Recreational cannabis consumption is still prohibited, however. There are several ways to initiate the legalization of marijuana. In the United States, states have put it up for a vote, leaving it up to the residents to decide. Lawmakers can also create new acts of law, allowing the medical use of marijuana. In Mexico, however, several lawsuits have been filed over the last few years, as MerryJane.
Five consistent rulings by the Mexican Supreme court are necessary before the judgment can be applied to all residents. Three rulings have been issued so far, which will likely put some pressure on the government. When will it be legal? While the people of Mexico will probably have to wait until at least to see some real change, things are moving quickly.
Many resources have to be allocated to the war against drugs — resources that could be put to better use if marijuana became legal. Can Cannabis Help You Sleep? Even the best scientists have difficulty fully understanding sleep.
But with the benefits of medical marijuana becoming more widely known worldwide, an increasing number are citing the benefits of using cannabis as a sleeping aid. Whether that sleepiness is good or bad for you in the long run is unclear, however.
Many people struggle with chronic pain that keeps them awake at night. Others simply have difficulty relaxing and clearing their minds before falling asleep. Sleep aids are huge potential market, and one that an increasing number of cannabis brands will likely explore.
Zzz Natural is one such brand. This could be good news for people suffering from nightmares due to PTSD, for instance. If you do begin using cannabis as a sleep aid, talk to your doctor regularly about the results, and jot down anything that could be considered a side effect. With the spread of cannabis east of the Rockies and into the most conservative parts of America, legislators have worked to cripple the intent of these laws, limit the industry to millionaires and billionaires, and restrict access so much that most patients have largely remained criminals even in legal medical marijuana states.
Usually, the people who fight the lawmakers on crippling regulations in these states lose and the legislators mostly always win. But when medical marijuana finally made its way to Oklahoma, the law fought the people, and the people won. After covering cannabis issues nationwide, I was shocked by what I saw on a recent visit to Tulsa.
Legal Oregon and Colorado are currently fighting for the right to consume socially. Legal California has added so many layers of bureaucracy to get into the legal market that most producers never moved onto it. Did I mention Oklahoma has reciprocity?
As my new Sooner State friends and I socialized around a pool table, I learned that this victory in Oklahoma had little to do with money and everything to do with the hard work and dedication of the on-the-ground activists who fought for the law.
Thanks to the obstruction of then-attorney general Scott Pruitt, the initiative was not certified or titled by the state appropriately or on time, leading to a lengthy court battle that kept it off the ballot. On March 27, , the Oklahoma Supreme Court ruled in favor of Oklahomans for Health, but they had already lost their shot at being on a high voter-turnout presidential ticket.
In January , Governor Mary Fallin scheduled the SQ vote to what was expected to be the lowest possible turnout ticket; the June midterm primary election. The primary election on June 26, had one of the highest voter turnouts in Oklahoma state history, exceeding the turnouts on both the presidential primary and the gubernatorial election. Under the rules all smokable cannabis would be banned, pharmacists would be required to be present in dispensaries as part of the approval process and dispensaries would be limited to just It would force all women of childbearing age to obtain a pregnancy test before being granted safe access.
Fallin was forced to sign into law rules that upheld the will of the voters-- removing these added provisions-- on August 6, Getting Out the Vote Since , an all patient and volunteer force of over Oklahomans in over 50 of the states 77 counties registered people to vote and passed out educational literature.
They raised money through car washes, or pulled from their own limited funds. A new group, Green the Vote, was formed to support the petitions being run by Oklahomans for Health. During the petition drive, he converted it into a hour petition signing and voter registration hub and purchased the cots so volunteers could take breaks to rest. Green the Vote, as well as Oklahomans for Health, were able to register tens of thousands of Oklahomans to vote for SQ , some for the very first time. Their all-volunteer efforts played an essential role in the SQ victory.
They came close, but just around 7, signatures shy of the , signature requirement to qualify this November. SQ would have legalized marijuana in Oklahoma for adult use and added a tax that would largely fund public education. SQ would have overrode SQ but made it more difficult for the legislature to make changes to the law, capped license fees and added a list of qualifying conditions for medical. Caviness believes that a constitutional amendment for adult use in is necessary to protect the over 1, licenses that have already been issued since the summer.
He spent the first five months of this year in Northeastern Afghanistan before returning home to the Tulsa area just prior to the vote on SQ He has a full schedule; in the early mornings he spends time with his hospice patients before working in his private clinic, Evolved Health and Wellness in Broken Arrow, from 9 to 5.
Afterwards, he goes straight to the hospital to treat his patients there until after midnight. On the weekends he takes care of his military duties. Still, he is seeing and writing over 50 cannabis recommendations a day and traveling to the farthest and most remote parts of the state to make sure all Oklahomans have access.
He does free and discounted recommendations for the severely disabled and military veterans. He feels that if he can register a large patient population before the legislature meets, he can show how it has worked for so many conditions and prevent them from further limiting access.
Can You Really Fly with Weed? You can now walk through Los Angeles International Airport with a small amount of weed. But what if you want to fly with it? According to a new policy, LAX will now allow people over 21 to carry up to Bringing that weed onto a plane is another story.
However, if they suspect you of carrying pot or any other illegal drug, they will conduct a more thorough search. Keep in mind that this policy only applies to LAX. There are more than other airports in the U. Some airports — especially in foreign countries — conduct random searches of arriving passengers.
Some even employ drug-sniffing dogs who can find your stash as soon as you get off the plane. As more and more states are legalizing marijuana for recreational use, more and more millennials are opting for weed over alcohol. Drinking — especially binge drinking — can come with a lot of consequences: Jena, a year-old woman who recently switched from alcohol to weed, told Marketwatch that she saves a lot of money by ditching the alcohol.
All of those factors, coupled with increased access to legal weed, is driving many millennials to cut back on the bottle in favor of bud. Many prefer having a nice time with friends over getting drunk, and weed can give them that high.
Weed is also seen as much safer than alcohol by many people — especially millennials. According to a recent poll published in The Tylt, And if millennials can have this much of an effect on a long-established industry, their potential influence on continued marijuana legalization efforts should be overlooked, either. Marijuana is now legal for private use in South Africa. Buying it there, however, is another story.
You can even grow some weed for your private use. But while possessing or using your own weed is no longer a criminal offense, consuming it in public is still illegal, as is selling it, which means that South America will bypass significant potential tax revenue. Will weed be further legalized? For now, this is unlikely. The government still has two years to amend the current law on cannabis consumption, so any further changes might take some time.
Your only option might be to make some friends who offer to let you smoke some of their homegrown stash. But even that could be dicey. In a distant and ancient past, the South — that deep-red Bible Belt, so solidly Republican Trump country that it took until this year for a Democratic Senate candidate in Texas to actually campaign — was a place where liberals were welcome.
This historical reality feels so remote now, in an internet-fueled age of partisan divides so deep they may as well be blood feuds and they may be sometime soon , that it may as well be a creation myth. Just to add to the air of surreality, it appears there is possibly just one issue that unites America: North and South, East and West, conservative and liberal, we all like marijuana. And this includes in the conservative South, where both medical cannabis and recreational marijuana legalization efforts are real things.
This is no outlier. In South Carolina, the cradle of secession, voters support legalizing cannabis outright by a nearly two-to one margin. That lead to two other state lawmakers, both Republicans, introducing a medical-marijuana legalization bill with a cheeky acronym: In Texas, where Ted Cruz faces a very credible challenge from a Democrat who wants to legalize marijuana outright, the state Republican Party officially added legalizing medical marijuana to their official state platform.
If it is successful, Mississippi would have a more permissive medical-marijuana system than New York State. There would be no cap on the number of dispensaries, and patients would be able to qualify for cannabis if suffering from any one of a list of more than 12 medical conditions — including chronic pain, autism, and opiate addiction as well as post-traumatic stress disorder and cancer.
In this way, anyone with an affliction for which cannabis gives relief would be able to secure access — again, something that is not a guarantee in blue states where cannabis is theoretically legal, like Minnesota.
But where compassion falls short, you can always rely on old-school conservative values. Cash or compassion, the cannabis question is compelling some Mississippi lawmakers to go as far as to trust government.
As per Mississippi Today: Dana Criswell, R-Olive Branch, said he supports legalizing medical marijuana but wrestles with reconciling his views on promoting individual liberty with reducing government regulation. In Arkansas, the greenest state in Dixie, the state attorney general has six times rejected a proposed ballot initiative that would legalize recreational marijuana. And Mississippi has a long way to go before discovering its chill. Mississippi is the state where Patrick Beadle, a year-old musician and practicing Rastafarian from Oregon caught with 2.
Like kudzu, cannabis is taking over the south. Cannabis concentrates are obtained through extraction of the cannabis plant. The resin is compressed in order to make this smokable product. Butane hash oil is also a cannabis concentrate, known as BHO. Butane is used to extract cannabinoids from the plant. One of the possible reasons for the growth of the concentrates market is that new users find concentrates more comfortable to use.
Concentrates might seem like a healthier alternative. This difference is also very appealing to entrepreneurs. Selling only flowers means attracting only customers who smoke, while selling different types of concentrates means attracting a wider range see: Are concentrates the next big thing for cannabis investors and entrepreneurs?
It sure is looking that way. The National Hockey League hit the ice for another season this week. And many of its players are hitting more that that. The next few weeks are going to be very big in Canada, as the nation welcomes the return of its national pastime: The percentage of living humans not of school age who play gridiron football, the most popular spectator sport in America, is so small as to be statistically insignificant.
Pro sports are spectator sports. And oh, do Canadians watch. As per a survey, eighty percent of the country — more than 28 million people — take in at least one NHL game a week. Exactly two weeks after pucks drop, at the stroke of midnight on October 17, recreational marijuana becomes officially legal in Canada.
While cannabis is not quite as popular as ice hockey in Canada — according to a poll, 18 percent of Canadians copped to using cannabis, though since people are still reticent to tell a pollster about their drug habits, the real figure is likely higher — there is some excitement.
Marijuana stores are weighing whether to open up at midnight, though it appears the first sales will occur online. As there should be: The Most Lenient League If you want to play professional sports while bent on recreational drugs — or merely get a little toasted after games or before practice — you should learn how to skate.
Among the major organizations for top-level corporate-sponsored athletic competition in North America, the National Hockey League has possibly the most lenient attitude toward drug use. But unlike other leagues, and unlike steroids, there are no consequences for a positive test for cannabis. In rare cases, a player found to have excessive levels of something in his body is referred to treatment.
Since every drug aside from cannabis is water soluble, and thus expelled from the body within hours of last use, you can see why the players might prefer the current arrangement. And thus far, it has not. Though there are a few notable outliers, hockey players have thus far reacted to this unparalleled freedom by smoking weed — and lots of it.
Some of them use once a week, some of them smoke every day. This author attended a college with a Division I hockey program. In fact, he attended two such institutions, which is useful for plausible deniability. At one of them, members of the hockey team, some of whom went on to play professionally, were frequent visitors to my dorm room — where they would buy weed from my roommate.
I remember being annoyed by this at the time. A lifetime of drug-war propaganda had taken its toll — and prevented me from asking the obvious question: Both the brain and the body require sleep in order to function and to repair themselves. And NHL players are religious nappers. The official pregame nap routine involves a plateful of pasta and one to two hours of snoozing.
What sleep aids players choose is their business, but one can assume. There is no quantifying taste. Not everyone enjoys marijuana, not everyone wants to watch hockey.
But whether spectator or participant, cannabis and hockey complement each other quite nicely. And now in at least one corner of the globe, the two are now officially sanctioned activities.
It will be a few more years yet before major marijuana companies sponsor NHL teams — something for which the U. In freer corners of the continent, however, cannabis and hockey can continue to peacefully coexist, and enjoy a new era of freedom. Robots are replacing human workers in many industries. But can they grow weed or roll joints? With wholesale cannabis prices dropping and labor costs going up, hiring people to manually trim plants could be a thing of past.
According to Jon Gowa, the CEO and founder of Bloom Automations, we could see robotic arms with scissors rolling filling grow houses all over the country. The hand-rolled joint could be on its way out, too.
With recreational cannabis becoming legal in more places every year, these robots might come in handy for big dispensaries, especially during the tourist season. Is It All About the Money? Investors want companies to be cost efficient in order to get a nice return on their investment. With that said, smart and sophisticated robots will be needed to replace cannabis workers. It takes a lot of knowledge and skill.
Blazing Away Again in Margaritaville? It was only a matter of time, right? Eventually Jimmy Buffett had to get into the cannabis game. Parrotheads of the world rejoice — your favorite pirate has finally taken the plunge.
Jimmy Buffett has been virtually synonymous with flip flops, cheeseburgers, margaritas, and just about anything tropical for decades. This decision was made in large part because the company focuses primarily on the health benefits of pot instead of recreation. The Coral Reefer line of products will focus on providing pain relief, improving appetite, and managing symptoms associated with chemotherapy. Where and when can you buy Buffett products? Sunterra has an extensive network of dispensaries in Florida, including Miami Beach, Jacksonville, and Pensacola.
The future is unclear as to whether or not the products will be sold outside of the Sunshine State. As for when the products will go on sale — come Monday. Keep your eyes peeled and drop us a line once you give it a shot! Many other smaller companies have also decided to take a shot at this new type of cosmetics industry. The product might work for some people, but not necessarily everybody.
Products containing hemp oil have a completely different effect. Hemp oil is obtained from the seeds of the plant, whereas CBD oil is extracted from the flowers.
Hemp oil can serve as an effective moisturizer without clogging the pores. The omega-6 fatty acids it contains have anti-inflammatory properties, and its anti-aging properties could be especially for the cosmetics industry, which is always looking for new ways to help consumers look younger.
Legal challenges Manufacturers of CBD-infused cosmetic products face some important legal challenges. Marijuana is illegal in New York, and while smoking pot in the Big Apple can get you arrested, a change in policy is letting more and more people smoke weed worry-free. The shift in policy can be traced to the amount of paperwork police officers have to complete following arrests.
In , for example, roughly 19, people were arrested in New York City for marijuana possession or smoking. The reduction in the number of arrests is expected to save officers thousands of hours of paperwork — hours that can then be used on other cases. Many pot smokers who would have been arrested before the policy will be issued summonses instead.
Others — especially those with outstanding warrants, those who are on parole or probation, or anyone who is considered violent — could still be arrested.
Driving while high will also get you arrested, as will failing to show identification. Could New York soon legalize weed? After the policy change on marijuana arrests, this could be a second step toward legalization of recreational marijuana in New York.
Cuomo has also said a few things that makes us believe that New York might be taking steps towards legalizing weed. There was a time when YouTube was the go-to resource for questions about cannabis, product reviews, and more. But now, marijuana-related videos seem to be disappearing without reason.
So, the question remains: Why is this content being banned? The boom of legal and recreational cannabis signaled an opportunity for entrepreneurs of all types. One of the most notable groups, however, has been content producers and marketers, namely YouTubers and social media activists and personalities. These are the people who explore new products, investigate newer cannabis technologies, answer questions common among novice cannabis users, and much more. For many of these channels and outlets, content views quickly surpassed one million impressions — a great sign for anyone in the social media business.
But all of a sudden, channels were suspended and content removed without cause. Searching for a Reason Social media giant Facebook and tech powerhouse Google both have strong rules banning cannabis advertising. What exactly constitutes advertising, however, seems to be fairly open to interpretation. Facebook has stated that their advertising review consists of a combination of human and algorithm assessment, and the results seem to be clear — if it appears you are trying to actively sell cannabis, your content will be outlawed.
On YouTube, however, content review seems to be murky. Cannabis accounts are being removed entirely immediately and without cause. For many business owners, this represents the total loss of an online presence and the hard work taken to build significant followings. What makes these account suspensions even more frustrating is that the content standards seems to be applied randomly and inconsistently.
Cannabis and Gun Owners. More and more states are decriminalizing marijuana, which is a blessing for medical patients who rely on cannabis to manage their symptoms. But the federal government still holds a strong line on drug and firearm possession, which has put medical cannabis users right in the crosshairs.
In June, Oklahoma became one of the latest states to decriminalize medical marijuana. While medical cannabis patients in the state likely rejoiced, those patients who also own guns may have been left scratching their heads. Under federal law and the jurisdiction of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, it is illegal for an individual to possess marijuana — legally or illegally — and a firearm at the same time.
In the case of decriminalized and medical marijuana, state jurisdiction is overruled by federal law. So, naturally, many cannabis patients across the country who owned guns before state laws changed are concerned they could be arrested.
Which governing body takes precedent? Currently the federal government is banning gun ownership for those with legally prescribed medical marijuana cards, leading many gun owners in these states to cry foul. The question of safety is obvious, but for many, the risks of marijuana users owning guns do not present the same risk as alcohol consumers.
And with bars in some states allowing gun owners to open carry their firearms, the frustration felt by cannabis users can be understood. A Change Is Gonna Come As more states choose to legalize recreational and medicinal marijuana, more and more pressure will be placed on the federal government, especially in terms of its interpretation of age-old laws.
In the era of safe, recreational weed, laws must be revised and reinterpreted to better serve their intended purposes of keeping U. Until then, the debate will rage on, with people from coast to coast rushing to the defense of both sides.
Unfortunately, legislative change takes actual acts of congress, so it may be a while before any actual federal laws adapt to these modern times. Until then, what say you? Do you think guns and weed are fine in responsible hands or a threat to public safety? The Future of Canna-tourism. While you might think of cities like Amsterdam when you think of canna-tourism, the United States is quickly becoming a very popular and very welcoming vacation spot for the marijuana-minded.
Cannabis-friendly accommodations — where you can legally smoke either on a balcony or inside your room — are popping up all across the U. Want to enjoy beautiful landscapes while smoking a legal joint? Head to Colorado, where, according to Forbes, cannabis tourism has grown 51 percent since recreational use became legal in California is the place to be if you want to go on a wine and weed tour. Planning Your Trip While you're free to select a destination, book your own accommodations, find places to smoke, and buy your own marijuana, planning a custom cannabis vacation can be a bit of a challenge.
An easier option is an organized vacation. Together, you might discover new strains, new products infused beers, lotions, etc. Tourism entrepreneurs are getting very creative when it comes to creating such trips. What about a weed-filled wellness retreat for women with yoga and spa treatments to make you ultra relaxed? Or perhaps a bus tour with like-minded people in order to visit grow facilities and taste new strains?
Like the cannabis industry itself, expect canna-tourism options to only grow. President Trump is giving Americans a lot of mixed signals on cannabis. While the heightened anxieties and ramped up regulation tends to be bad for patients and small businesses in legal states, it is excellent for Wall Street investors. And, with one of these many investors likely being Trump himself, it is time for the cannabis industry and movement to stop running scared and start calling out this for-profit hypocrisy that is benefitting only Wall Street financiers and state governments at the expense of the people who are already the most victimized by the War on Drugs.
The anxiety-inducing news of a secret anti-cannabis campaign brewing from within the White House drew out strong statements from both the industry and members of Congress. Representative from Colorado Jared Polis said in a statement. And what is the difference between a cartel and an oligopoly? The difference is that in an oligopoly the players are true competitors, in a cartel they have the ability to work together to price fix.
By making the licenses rare, expensive and complicated, the same large corporate money that profited from prohibition is effectively already divvying up market shares east of the Rocky Mountains before there is a chance for natural competition from small businesses and home cultivators. West of the Rockies, the cottage industry that arose over 20 years of free medical markets is going to find that it is time to sink or swim.
With over-regulation and oversupply in post-legalization California and Oregon, illegal market farmers will continue to provide work for law enforcement and small businesses will be forced to take buyouts if they are unable to sell product at below-cost rates. The price of bud, for years, has not been priced like a traditional agricultural commodity because it has only been sold on high-risk illegal markets. If national cannabis policy reflected science and reality, the whole plant would be de-scheduled, decriminalized, and the states would be left to regulate commercial markets.
Simultaneously, all levels of government are continuing to pump up anti-cannabis lies and propaganda to maintain the criminal element.
A great example of this is U. Representative from Orange County, California, Dana Rohrabacher, co-author of the Rohrabacher-Farr Amendment, which prohibited the federal government from using federal law enforcement funds to go after state-licensed and legal medical cannabis businesses. Rohrabacher is both a staunch ally of President Trump and The Kremlin. He also happens to share a significant campaign finance resource, Dominion Capital, with Terra Tech Corp.
Dominion also has some bizarre ties to Russian money. So is President Trump invested? This is as of yet unconfirmed. But, as Trump is the only president in modern history not only to not divest from his business interests while in office but also not to disclose his tax returns, his close ties to people who are clearly invested in the industry point to the strong possibility. More importantly, if Trump were invested in Terra Tech, or other larger publicly-traded Canadian corporations, he would certainly be setting himself up to profit amid the chaos and illegal market crackdowns.
Who could blame him? Don't Bring Weed Home from Canada. With cannabis becoming legal in Canada, you might be thinking about bringing some extra souvenirs home from your next vacation. When driving from Canada into the U.
If you want to buy some pot, you might want to stop instead in the border states of Vermont, Washington, or Maine, where recreational weed is legal.
Vermont While recreational marijuana was legalized in the Green Mountain State in July , as a tourist, you might have some trouble finding a legal place to get high.
If you want to visit Lake Champlain, for example, leave your weed at home. The lake is under federal rule, so using any form of cannabis is strictly forbidden. And not only are you forbidden from lighting up while driving through the state, but so is anybody riding in the car. Washington In Washington, you can easily buy cannabis in a dispensary. While consuming an edible in your hotel room is allowed, smoking weed in your hotel room is only allowed if smoking normal cigarettes is allowed, as well.
Florida's restrictive marijuana laws make for bad public policy, and even worse legal precedent. Florida is a vast place with a diverse population only a visible minority of whom misbehave in meme-worthy fashion. Ron DeSantis, the hard-right, Trump-approved member of the Freedom Caucus, who managed to racebait and redbait in the same ugly swoop. Florida has swamps and orange groves and tropical islands, a few dense cities, suburban sprawl, and rustic living and more swamps.
But one value a large majority of Floridians have in common is that medical marijuana is good. More than 71 percent of voters approved Amendment 2 in , which legalized medical cannabis for sick people. For much of the last 18 months, Florida elected officials, beginning with Gov. In this way, Florida is providing an object lesson for other states, should they deign to learn from it.
This was something every poll revealed that a large majority of Floridians wanted. After the landslide victory, it was a desire nobody could honestly deny. But denial is a powerful thing. After losing in this way at the ballot box, Florida lawmakers created yet another restrictive system with a baked-in monopoly. In short, Floridians were handed one of the most restrictive medical-marijuana laws in the United States. Florida authorities are unmoved. Following these losses, Attorney General Bondi, following direction from Scott, has appealed to the state Supreme Court.
One state lawmaker, state Sen. Jeff Brandes, a Republican from St. Petersburg, predicted that such clamps on the marketplace would lead to lawsuits. Generally, the winner is the one running the hustle — the rest of us are the marks. Florida people, from the Keys to Tallahassee. Some good may come from this, if only other states get the message. Schultes and coworkers also conducted taxonomic studies of Cannabis in the s, and concluded that stable morphological differences exist that support recognition of at least three species, C.
This taxonomic interpretation was embraced by Cannabis aficionados who commonly distinguish narrow-leafed "sativa" strains from wide-leafed "indica" strains.
Molecular analytical techniques developed in the late 20th century are being applied to questions of taxonomic classification. This has resulted in many reclassifications based on evolutionary systematics. Several studies of Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA RAPD and other types of genetic markers have been conducted on drug and fiber strains of Cannabis , primarily for plant breeding and forensic purposes. Hillig, a graduate student in the laboratory of long-time Cannabis researcher Paul G.
Mahlberg  at Indiana University , conducted a systematic investigation of genetic, morphological, and chemotaxonomic variation among Cannabis accessions of known geographic origin, including fiber, drug, and feral populations.
In , Hillig and Mahlberg published a chemotaxonomic analysis of cannabinoid variation in their Cannabis germplasm collection. They used gas chromatography to determine cannabinoid content and to infer allele frequencies of the gene that controls CBD and THC production within the studied populations, and concluded that the patterns of cannabinoid variation support recognition of C.
Narrow-leaflet and wide-leaflet drug accessions, southern and eastern Asian hemp accessions, and feral Himalayan populations were assigned to C.
In , Hillig published a genetic analysis of the same set of accessions this paper was the first in the series, but was delayed in publication , and proposed a three-species classification, recognizing C. He also concluded there is little support to treat C. In September , New Scientist reported that researchers at the Canberra Institute of Technology had identified a new type of Cannabis based on analysis of mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA.
Despite advanced analytical techniques, much of the cannabis used recreationally is inaccurately classified. It should also improve classification accuracy for cannabis used recreationally. Legalization coupled with Canadian government Health Canada oversight of production and labelling will likely result in more—and more accurate—testing to determine exact strains and content. The scientific debate regarding taxonomy has had little effect on the terminology in widespread use among cultivators and users of drug-type Cannabis.
Cannabis aficionados recognize three distinct types based on such factors as morphology, native range , aroma, and subjective psychoactive characteristics. Sativa is the most widespread variety, which is usually tall, laxly branched, and found in warm lowland regions.
Indica designates shorter, bushier plants adapted to cooler climates and highland environments. Ruderalis is the informal name for the short plants that grow wild in Europe and Central Asia. The use of Cannabis as a mind-altering drug has been documented by archaeological finds in prehistoric societies in Eurasia and Africa. In , cannabis spread to the western hemisphere where Spaniards imported it to Chile for its use as fiber.
In North America, cannabis, in the form of hemp, was grown for use in rope, clothing and paper. Cannabis is a popular recreational drug around the world, only behind alcohol , caffeine and tobacco. In the United States alone, it is believed that over million Americans have tried cannabis, with 25 million Americans having used it within the past year. The psychoactive effects of cannabis are known to have a triphasic nature. Primary psychoactive effects include a state of relaxation, and to a lesser degree, euphoria from its main psychoactive compound, tetrahydrocannabinol.
Secondary psychoactive effects, such as a facility for philosophical thinking, introspection and metacognition have been reported among cases of anxiety and paranoia.
Normal cognition is restored after approximately three hours for larger doses via a smoking pipe , bong or vaporizer. After 24 hours to a few days, minuscule psychoactive effects may be felt, depending on dosage, frequency and tolerance to the drug. Various forms of the drug cannabis exist, including extracts such as hashish and hash oil  which, because of appearance, are more susceptible to adulterants when left unregulated. Cannabidiol CBD , which has no psychotropic effects by itself  although sometimes showing a small stimulant effect, similar to caffeine ,  attenuates, or reduces  the higher anxiety levels caused by THC alone.
According to Delphic analysis by British researchers in , cannabis has a lower risk factor for dependence compared to both nicotine and alcohol. Risk of adverse outcomes from cannabis use may be reduced by implementation of evidence-based education and intervention tools communicated to the public with practical regulation measures.
Medical cannabis or medical marijuana refers to the use of cannabis and its constituent cannabinoids , to treat disease or improve symptoms. Short-term use increases both minor and major adverse effects. The term hemp is used to name the durable soft fiber from the Cannabis plant stem stalk. Cannabis sativa cultivars are used for fibers due to their long stems; Sativa varieties may grow more than six metres tall.
However, hemp can refer to any industrial or foodstuff product that is not intended for use as a drug. Many countries regulate limits for psychoactive compound THC concentrations in products labeled as hemp.
Cannabis for industrial uses is valuable in tens of thousands of commercial products, especially as fibre  ranging from paper , cordage , construction material and textiles in general, to clothing. Hemp is stronger and longer-lasting than cotton. It also is a useful source of foodstuffs hemp milk, hemp seed, hemp oil and biofuels.
Hemp has been used by many civilizations, from China to Europe and later North America during the last 12, years. The Cannabis plant has a history of medicinal use dating back thousands of years across many cultures. He is thought to have belonged to the Jushi culture recorded in the area centuries later in the Hanshu , Chap 96B.
An international team demonstrated that this material contained tetrahydrocannabinol , the psychoactive component of cannabis. The cannabis was presumably employed by this culture as a medicinal or psychoactive agent, or an aid to divination. This is the oldest documentation of cannabis as a pharmacologically active agent. Settlements which date from c. By the 10th century CE, it has been suggested that it was referred to by some in India as "food of the gods".
One of the earliest to use this plant in medical purposes was Korakkar , one of the 18 Siddhas. In Buddhism , cannabis is generally regarded as an intoxicant and may be a hindrance to development of meditation and clear awareness. In ancient Germanic culture , Cannabis was associated with the Norse love goddess, Freya.
In modern times, the Rastafari movement has embraced Cannabis as a sacrament. Rastafarians tend to be among the biggest consumers of modern Cannabis use. Cannabis is frequently used among Sufis  — the mystical interpretation of Islam that exerts strong influence over local Muslim practices in Bangladesh , India , Indonesia , Turkey , and Pakistan.
Cannabis preparations are frequently used at Sufi festivals in those countries. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the plant genus. For use as a psychoactive drug, see Cannabis drug. For other uses, see Cannabis disambiguation. Dense raceme of female flowers typical of drug-type varieties of Cannabis. Cannabis and religion and History of medical cannabis. Cannabis portal Hemp portal. The Medicinal Uses of Cannabis and Cannabinoids. United States Department of Agriculture.
Retrieved 13 February Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Marijuana and the Cannabinoids. Retrieved 2 May Cannabinoids in Nature and Medicine. Retrieved 21 August World Drug Report pdf. Retrieved 1 August Retrieved 17 February Marijuana Botany , 2nd ed. Canadian Journal of Botany. The Molecular Biology of Dioecious Plants".
Trends in Plant Science. Linguistic-Cultural Implications", Economic Botany United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Cristiana; Cattivelli, Luigi; Ranalli, P. A morphological and molecular study". Archived from the original on 13 March Retrieved 10 February Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution.
Journal of Industrial Hemp. Journal of the Society of Agriculture and Forestry. American Journal of Botany. Depending on sexual phenotype". Journal of Applied Genetics. Ohio Journal of Science. A key to the early events of sex chromosome evolution". Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. Journal of the International Hemp Association. Theoretical and Applied Genetics.
The Plant Cell Online.
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