North Carolina is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It borders South Carolina and Georgia to the south, Tennessee to the west, Virginia to. emaildatabase.me is the official website of North Carolina. Find state agencies and contacts, learn about North Carolina and about NC state government. Get basic info. Welcome to North Carolina's official travel-planning destination. Explore things to do, browse maps, photos and places to stay, and discover ideas for your next.
The Heels allowed 85 to that same Miami team on Saturday, and surrendered 96 to an N. State bunch that had just put up 24! If North Carolina can force some live-ball turnovers and late shot-clock heaves early, it could impose its will on the game. The first 10 minutes will be crucial. Outside of the obvious statement that Duke is, you know, awesome, part of the reason the Blue Devils have Virginia's number is because they are the only team that has someone who can match Hunter's strength and athleticism in Zion Williamson.
Hunter is a matchup nightmare for just about everyone else. Katz's Power 36 Top 16 reveal. That includes North Carolina. Cam Johnson will probably draw the Hunter assignment from the tip, and he's a solid defender. But Johnson is a bit slender; he's listed at pounds, and he disrupts opponents with his length more than his strength. You need both to contain Hunter. North Carolina will probably have to send help when Hunter backs Johnson down, and Virginia has the shooting to make you pay for doing so.
Register now to be notified when brackets go live in March. It will be fascinating to see how much run Nassir Little gets on Hunter. He's a bit smaller, but he's North Carolina's best option from a physical tools standpoint. Little is a freak athlete with wiry strength, but he's foul-prone and often strays from the defensive scheme. He's been much better lately, but will Roy Williams trust him in a matchup of this magnitude? The eastern half of the state, especially the Tidewater region, developed a slave society based on a plantation system and slave labor.
Many free people of color migrated to the frontier along with their European-American neighbors, where the social system was looser. By , nearly 3 percent of the free population consisted of free people of color, who numbered slightly more than 10, The western areas were dominated by white families, especially Scots-Irish, who operated small subsistence farms. In the early national period, the state became a center of Jeffersonian and Jacksonian democracy , with a strong Whig presence, especially in the West.
After Nat Turner 's slave uprising in , North Carolina and other southern states reduced the rights of free blacks. In the legislature withdrew their right to vote. On May 20, , North Carolina was the last of the Confederate states to declare secession from the Union , 13 days after the Tennessee legislature voted for secession.
Some , North Carolinians served in the military; 20, were killed in battle, the most of any state in the Confederacy, and 21, died of disease. The state government was reluctant to support the demands of the national government in Richmond , and the state was the scene of only small battles.
With the defeat of the Confederacy in , the Reconstruction Era began. The United States abolished slavery without compensation to slaveholders or reparations to freedmen. A Republican Party coalition of black freedmen, northern carpetbaggers and local scalawags controlled state government for three years.
The white conservative Democrats regained control of the state legislature in , in part by Ku Klux Klan violence and terrorism at the polls, to suppress black voting. Republicans were elected to the governorship until , when the Red Shirts , a paramilitary organization that arose in and was allied with the Democratic Party , helped suppress black voting.
More than black Americans were murdered in electoral violence in Democrats were elected to the legislature and governor's office, but the Populists attracted voters displeased with them. In a biracial, Populist-Republican Fusionist coalition gained the governor's office. The Democrats regained control of the legislature in and passed laws to impose Jim Crow and racial segregation of public facilities.
Voters of North Carolina's 2nd congressional district elected a total of four African-American congressmen through these years of the late 19th century. Political tensions ran so high that a small group of white Democrats in planned to take over the Wilmington government if their candidates were not elected.
In the Wilmington Insurrection of , more than 1, white men attacked the black newspaper and neighborhood, killed numerous men, and ran off the white Republican mayor and aldermen. They installed their own people and elected Alfred M. In the state legislature passed a new constitution, with requirements for poll taxes and literacy tests for voter registration which disenfranchised most black Americans in the state.
After a decade of white supremacy , many people forgot that North Carolina had ever had thriving middle-class black Americans. As in the rest of the former Confederacy, North Carolina had become a one-party state, dominated by the Democratic Party. Impoverished by the Civil War, the state continued with an economy based on tobacco, cotton and agriculture. Towns and cities remained few in the east. A major industrial base emerged in the late 19th century in the western counties of the Piedmont, based on cotton mills established at the fall line.
Railroads were built to connect the new industrializing cities. The state was the site of the first successful controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air flight, by the Wright brothers , near Kitty Hawk on December 17, In the first half of the 20th century, many African Americans left the state to go North for better opportunities, in the Great Migration.
Their departure changed the demographic characteristics of many areas. Roosevelt for cotton and tobacco significantly helped the farmers. Raleigh, Durham, and Chapel Hill form the Research Triangle , a major area of universities and advanced scientific and technical research.
In the s, Charlotte became a major regional and national banking center. Tourism has also been a boon for the North Carolina economy as people flock to the Outer Banks coastal area and the Appalachian Mountains anchored by Asheville. By the s, spurred in part by the increasingly leftward tilt of national Democrats, conservative whites began to vote for Republican national candidates and gradually for more Republicans locally.
North Carolina was inhabited for at least ten thousand years by succeeding cultures of prehistoric indigenous cultures. The Hardaway Site saw major periods of occupation as far back as 10, years. Before AD, they were building earthwork mounds , which were used for ceremonial and religious purposes. Succeeding peoples, including those of the ancient Mississippian culture established by AD in the Piedmont, continued to build or add on to such mounds.
In the — years preceding European contact, the Mississippian culture built large, complex cities and maintained far-flung regional trading networks. Its largest city was Cahokia , located in present-day Illinois near the Mississippi River.
Historically documented tribes in the North Carolina region include the Carolina Algonquian -speaking tribes of the coastal areas, such as the Chowanoke , Roanoke , Pamlico , Machapunga , Coree , and Cape Fear Indians , who were the first encountered by the English; the Iroquoian -speaking Meherrin , Cherokee , and Tuscarora of the interior; and Southeastern Siouan tribes, such as the Cheraw , Waxhaw , Saponi , Waccamaw , and Catawba.
Spanish explorers traveling inland in the 16th century met Mississippian culture people at Joara , a regional chiefdom near present-day Morganton. Records of Hernando de Soto attested to his meeting with them in In Captain Juan Pardo led an expedition to claim the area for the Spanish colony and to establish another route to protect silver mines in Mexico. Pardo made a winter base at Joara, which he renamed Cuenca. His expedition built Fort San Juan and left a contingent of 30 men there, while Pardo traveled further, and built and garrisoned five other forts.
In the spring of , natives killed all but one of the soldiers and burned the six forts in the interior, including the one at Fort San Juan. Although the Spanish never returned to the interior, this effort marked the first European attempt at colonization of the interior of what became the United States. A 16th-century journal by Pardo's scribe Bandera and archaeological findings since at Joara have confirmed the settlement.
In , Elizabeth I granted a charter to Sir Walter Raleigh , for whom the state capital is named, for land in present-day North Carolina then part of the territory of Virginia. Raleigh established two colonies on the coast in the late s, but both failed.
The fate of the " Lost Colony " of Roanoke Island remains one of the most widely debated mysteries of American history. As early as , settlers from the Virginia colony moved into the area of Albemarle Sound. He named it Carolina in honor of his father Charles I. In , owing to disputes over governance, the Carolina colony began to split into North Carolina and South Carolina. The latter became a crown colony in In the s, a series of smallpox epidemics swept the South, causing high fatalities among the Native Americans, who had no immunity to the new disease it had become endemic in Europe.
After the Spanish in the 16th century, the first permanent European settlers of North Carolina were English colonists who migrated south from Virginia. The latter had grown rapidly and land was less available. Nathaniel Batts was documented as one of the first of these Virginian migrants. In , North Carolina became a separate colony. Except for the Earl Granville holdings, it became a royal colony seventeen years later.
Differences in the settlement patterns of eastern and western North Carolina, or the Low Country and uplands, affected the political, economic, and social life of the state from the 18th until the 20th century.
The Tidewater in eastern North Carolina was settled chiefly by immigrants from rural England and the Scottish Highlands. Arriving during the mid- to late 18th century, the Scots-Irish from what is today Northern Ireland were the largest non-English immigrant group before the Revolution; English indentured servants were overwhelmingly the largest immigrant group before the Revolution. Most of the English colonists had arrived as indentured servants , hiring themselves out as laborers for a fixed period to pay for their passage.
In the early years the line between indentured servants and African slaves or laborers was fluid. Some Africans were allowed to earn their freedom before slavery became a lifelong status. Most of the free colored families formed in North Carolina before the Revolution were descended from unions or marriages between free white women and enslaved or free African or African-American men. Because the mothers were free, their children were born free.
Many had migrated or were descendants of migrants from colonial Virginia. The economy's growth and prosperity was based on slave labor, devoted first to the production of tobacco. On April 12, , the colony became the first to instruct its delegates to the Continental Congress to vote for independence from the British Crown, through the Halifax Resolves passed by the North Carolina Provincial Congress. The dates of both of these events are memorialized on the state flag and state seal.
Throughout the Revolutionary War, fierce guerrilla warfare erupted between bands of pro-independence and pro-British colonists. In some cases the war was also an excuse to settle private grudges and rivalries. A major American victory in the war took place at King's Mountain along the North Carolina—South Carolina border; on October 7, , a force of mountain men from western North Carolina including what is today the state of Tennessee and southwest Virginia overwhelmed a force of some British troops led by Major Patrick Ferguson.
Most of the soldiers fighting for the British side in this battle were Carolinians who had remained loyal to the Crown they were called "Tories" or Loyalists. The American victory at Kings Mountain gave the advantage to colonists who favored American independence, and it prevented the British Army from recruiting new soldiers from the Tories. In the Battle of Cowan's Ford , Cornwallis met resistance along the banks of the Catawba River at Cowan's Ford on February 1, , in an attempt to engage General Morgan's forces during a tactical withdrawal.
Although the British troops held the field at the end of the battle, their casualties at the hands of the numerically superior Continental Army were crippling.
Following this " Pyrrhic victory ", Cornwallis chose to move to the Virginia coastline to get reinforcements, and to allow the Royal Navy to protect his battered army. This decision would result in Cornwallis' eventual defeat at Yorktown, Virginia , later in The Patriots' victory there guaranteed American independence. On November 21, , North Carolina became the twelfth state to ratify the Constitution.
In , it completed the state capitol building in Raleigh, still standing today. Most of North Carolina's slave owners and large plantations were located in the eastern portion of the state. Although North Carolina's plantation system was smaller and less cohesive than that of Virginia , Georgia , or South Carolina , significant numbers of planters were concentrated in the counties around the port cities of Wilmington and Edenton, as well as suburban planters around the cities of Raleigh, Charlotte, and Durham in the Piedmont.
Planters owning large estates wielded significant political and socio-economic power in antebellum North Carolina, which was a slave society. They placed their interests above those of the generally non-slave-holding "yeoman" farmers of western North Carolina. Besides slaves, there were a number of free people of color in the state.
Most were descended from free African Americans who had migrated along with neighbors from Virginia during the 18th century.
The majority were the descendants of unions in the working classes between white women, indentured servants or free, and African men, indentured, slave or free. Some were inspired by their efforts and the language of the Revolution to arrange for manumission of their slaves.
The number of free people of color rose markedly in the first couple of decades after the Revolution. On October 25, , construction began on the Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad  to connect the port city of Wilmington with the state capital of Raleigh. In the North Carolina Railroad was created by act of the legislature to extend that railroad west to Greensboro , High Point , and Charlotte.
During the Civil War, the Wilmington-to-Raleigh stretch of the railroad would be vital to the Confederate war effort; supplies shipped into Wilmington would be moved by rail through Raleigh to the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. During the antebellum period, North Carolina was an overwhelmingly rural state, even by Southern standards.
In only one North Carolina town, the port city of Wilmington , had a population of more than 10, Raleigh , the state capital, had barely more than 5, residents. In addition, 30, free people of color lived in the state. Free African Americans were allowed to vote until , when the state revoked their suffrage in restrictions following the slave rebellion of led by Nat Turner.
Southern slave codes criminalized willful killing of a slave in most cases. North Carolina was known as a 'Slave State' by , in which one-third of the population was enslaved.
This was a smaller proportion than in many other Southern states. The state did not vote to join the Confederacy until President Abraham Lincoln called on it to invade its sister state, South Carolina , becoming the last or penultimate state to officially join the Confederacy. The title of "last to join the Confederacy" has been disputed; although Tennessee's informal secession on May 7, , preceded North Carolina's official secession on May 20,   the Tennessee legislature did not formally vote to secede until June 8, Despite the State supplying the Confederacy with at least , troops, and Union with approx.
The supply of Confederate troops was by far the greatest number of any of the Confederate States, of which approximately 40, of those died: After secession, some North Carolinians refused to support the Confederacy.
Some of the yeoman farmers in the state's mountains and western Piedmont region remained neutral during the Civil War, while some covertly supported the Union cause during the conflict. Two additional Union Army regiments were raised in the coastal areas of the state, which were occupied by Union forces in and Numerous slaves escaped to Union lines, where they became essentially free. Confederate troops from all parts of North Carolina served in virtually all the major battles of the Army of Northern Virginia , the Confederacy's most famous army.
North Carolina's port city of Wilmington was the last Confederate port to fall to the Union, in February , after the Union won the nearby Second Battle of Fort Fisher , its major defense downriver.
During the Battle of Chickamauga , the 58th North Carolina Regiment advanced farther than any other regiment on Snodgrass Hill to push back the remaining Union forces from the battlefield. North Carolina is bordered by South Carolina on the south, Georgia on the southwest, Tennessee on the west, Virginia on the north, and the Atlantic Ocean on the east.
North Carolina consists of three main geographic regions: The coastal plain consists of more specifically-defined areas known as the Outer Banks , a string of sandy, narrow barrier islands separated from the mainland by sounds or inlets, including Albemarle Sound and Pamlico Sound , the tidewater region, the native home of the venus flytrap , and the inner coastal plain, where longleaf pine trees are native.
So many ships have been lost off Cape Hatteras that the area is known as the " Graveyard of the Atlantic ";  more than 1, ships have sunk in these waters since records began in The most famous of these is the Queen Anne's Revenge flagship of the pirate Blackbeard , which went aground in Beaufort Inlet in The coastal plain transitions to the Piedmont region along the Atlantic Seaboard fall line , the elevation at which waterfalls first appear on streams and rivers.
The western section of the state is part of the Appalachian Mountain range. North Carolina has 17 major river basins. Elevation above sea level is most responsible for temperature change across the state, with the mountain area being coolest year-round. The coastal plain averages around 1 inch 2. North Carolina experiences severe weather in both summer and winter, with summer bringing threat of hurricanes , tropical storms , heavy rain, and flooding.
Hurricane Isabel ranks as the most destructive of the 21st century. Tornadoes from thunderstorms are a risk, especially in the eastern part of the state. The western Piedmont is often protected by the mountains, which tend to break up storms as they try to cross over; the storms will often re-form farther east. A phenomenon known as " cold-air damming " often occurs in the northwestern part of the state, which can weaken storms but can also lead to major ice events in winter.
In April , the worst tornado outbreak in North Carolina's history occurred. Thirty confirmed tornadoes touched down, mainly in the Eastern Piedmont and Sandhills, killing at least 24 people. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent s , and 7.
Demographics of North Carolina covers the varieties of ethnic groups that reside in North Carolina, along with the relevant trends. The state's racial composition in the Census: As of , North Carolina residents, like those of other Southern states, since the colonial era have historically been overwhelmingly Protestant , first Anglican, then Baptist and Methodist. By the late 19th century, the largest Protestant denomination was the Baptist.
After the Civil War, black Baptists were not allowed in white churches, due to segregation, and set up their own independent congregations. Black Baptists went on to develop their own state and national associations, to be free of white supervision.
While the Baptists in total counting both blacks and whites have maintained the majority in this part of the country known as the Bible Belt , the population in North Carolina practices a wide variety of faiths, including Judaism , Islam , Baha'i , Buddhism , and Hinduism. As of the Southern Baptist Church was the biggest denomination, with 4, churches and 1,, members; the second largest was the United Methodist Church, with , members and 1, churches.
The third was the Roman Catholic Church, with , members in congregations. The fourth greatest was the Presbyterian Church USA , with , members and congregations; this denomination was brought by Scots-Irish immigrants who settled the backcountry in the colonial era. The state also has a special history with the Moravian Church , as settlers of this faith largely of German origin found a home in the Winston-Salem area in the 18th and 19th centuries. Sip moonshine distilled from a recipe five generations old.
Let winter captivate you as you hit the slopes, cozy up inside with a creative craft beer or take an offseason trip to a quiet beach. Share your vacation shots using our hashtag on Instagram, Twitter or Facebook for your chance to be featured. This romantic sunset evening was perfect in temperature with the beautiful fall leaves! Take me back to the simple times without stress. Explore the Charlotte Region. One of the first beers we brewed on the system in Mid-August, this traditional German Pilsner has been patiently lagering for more than 6 weeks in tank.
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The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, the nation's first public university, is a global higher education leader known for innovative teaching, research. North Carolina ranks 23rd among the U.S. states. It ranks 6th for fiscal stability and has one of the highest 4-year college graduation rates in the nation. Discover NC State, a leading public research university located in Raleigh, North Carolina. We produce career-ready graduates, groundbreaking research and.